Togean Inseln – Informationen

Paradies in der Tomini Bay

Die Togian Inseln ziehen sich über 90 Kilometer in die Länge, inmitten der Tomini Bay. Die Küsten Linien sind sehr gewunden und bergig. Die Inseln sind umspühlt von einem tropischem Meer mit magischen farben.

Reisende nehmen eine lange Anreise in kauf um diese traumhafte Inselparadies zu erreichen und viele bleiben dann meist viel länger als geplant. Denn hier findet man alles was man braucht für einen Urlaub im Paradis. Ruhige Tage am Strand, Tauchen, Schnorcheln, Ausflüge in den dichten Dschungel – ein einmaliges Reiseerlebnis.

Gelegen in einem Tiefseebecken, um das sich schützend die Arme von Sulawesi legen. In der Mitte des Nirdendwo, das ruhige Gewässer und klares Wasser voll mit Leben zu bieten hat und sauberen wunderschönen Stränden.

• Karte von Sulawesi

Auf dem Rest der Seite findet man Informationen zu:

  • Wie komme ich dort hin?
  • Klima
  • Sehenswertes
  • Die Leute
  • Geschichte
  • Transportmittel

Noch Fragen?
Dann schau mal bei Häufig gestellte Fragen…

Anreise

Da isoliert gelegen in der Tomini Bay, Zentral Sulawesi, kann man die Togean Islands entweder von Süden oder vom Norden erreichen. Egal welche Route man wählt, es ist recht unkomfortable. Jedoch ist das ein Preis den man gerne Zahlt für ein solch ein unverdorbenes Tauchreiseziel.

Für Preisbewuste Reisende ist der beste Weg zu den Togians zu gelangen mit der Übernacht Fähre von Gorontalo, welche ist inklusive in unseren Resortpaket. Abfahrt Gorontalo um 22:00 Uhr jeden Mittwoch und Samstag (Ankunft in den Togian Inseln um 11Uhr am nächsten Tag), oder um 20:00 Uhr jeden Donnestag (Ankunft 07:00 Uhr). Rückkehr von den Togians um 16:00 Uhr jeden Montag, Donnerstag und Samstag (Ankunft in Gorontalo 06:00 Uhr).

Die bequemste Art und Weise die Togians zu erleben ist mit einer Tauchsafari von Manado.

Nach Gorontalo fliegen jeden Tag von Jakarta aus Lion Air und Sriwijaya Air. Diese Flüge können durch – PT Vaya Tour gebucht werden – E-mail: Ticketing@VayaTour.com, Tel. +62 (0)361 281145 oder Fax +62 (0)361 281144. Tickets werden bei Ankunft in Jakarta übergeben.

Alternative kann man von Singapur mit Silk Air, direkt nach Manado fliegen und von dort weiter nach Gorontalo. Es gibt regelmäßige Flüge (jedoch mit laufend wechselndem Flugplan) von Merpati Air und Trigana Air. Diese Flüge können durch unseren Partner – Pola Pelita Tour gebucht werden – E-mail: Tour@PolaTour.com, Tel. +62 (0)431-852231oder Fax +62 (0) 431-86452 Tickets werden bei Ankunft in Manado übergeben.

Wer Zeit hat sollte ein paar Tage in Gorontalo einplanen und dann mit der Fähre übersetzen.

Klima der Togians

Nur 2° südlich des Äquators, liegen die Temperaturen in den Togeans relativ konstant bei 30°C.

Regenzeit: Von Dezember bis März, aber dauerhafte Regenfälle sind selten. August ist recht windig. Hoch Saison ist im July und August.

Wir empfehlen einen Besuch zwischen Mai und Dezember und beachten, das wenn man im July oder August kommen möchte, die Unterkunft rechtzeitig gebucht werden sollte.

Sehenswertes

Die meisten Besucher bezeichnen die Hauptbeschäftigung aud den Togean Islands als nichts tun und am Strand liegen. Denn die menschenleeren Strände eignen sich hervorragen dafür.

Wer abwechslung braucht sollte Kadidiri erforschen. Trekking im Hinterland der Insel. Der Dschungel beheimatet Tarsiers, Wildschweine und Rehe, Babirusa, Fledermäuse, und Kokusnus Krabben – die grössten auf dem Land lebenden Krabben, die bis zu 5 Kilogramm auf die Waage bringen und bis zu einem Meter Spannweite haben können. Es gibt nur noch wenige Inseln in Asien und im Pazifik wo man sie findet. Mit dem Kanu in den Westen der Insel um ein Bajau Village zu besuchen. Schwindelfreie können sich Freiklettern versuchen.

Lohnenswert sind auch die Perlenfarmen von Batudaka Island und der Wasserfall in Wakai, dem Hauptort der Inseln.

Einen Ausflug zum aktiven Vulkan Una Una sollte man sich nicht entgehen lassen. Die letzte eruption war im Jahr 1983. Der Anstieg auf den 472 m hehen Gipfel und die erkundung der Strände kann einen Tag in anspruch nehmen. Wer genau hinhört kann noch immer das Grollen des Gunung Colo hören. Der Vulkan ist noch immer nicht zur ruhe gekommen.

Einwohner der Togean Inseln

Es gibt nur ca. 25,000 Einwohner. Diese sind hauptsächlich Muslemische Minahasans aus Gorontalo. Die ethnischen Gruppen werden von den Bobongko, Togiani, Suluan, Bajau und den Bajau-Sama-Seenomanden gestellt.

Die meisten Einwohner leben auf der Hauptinsel und in kleinen Fischerdörfern auf Dolong, Togean und Batudaka.

Geschichte

Die Togian Islands waren lange nur wenigen unbekannt und nicht von Intresse wie für die INdonesische Regierung. Darum ist diese INselgruppe weitgehend unentwickelt und die Menschen leben hier noch wie vor langer Zeit.

Die Inselgruppe sind in der Vorbereitung zu einem Nationalpark gemacht zu werden, jedoch arbeiten die Mühlen der Regierung in Jarkarta sehr langsam.

Transportmittel

Das wichtigste Fortbewegungsmittel ist das Boot. Öffentliche Boote verkehren täglich zwischen den Hauptinseln. Als alternative kann man ein Boot mieten. Strassen gibt es hier nicht, darum ist auf dem Land laufen angesagt.

Interessiert?

enn Du gerne die einzigartige Unterwasserwelt der Togian Inseln erkunden möchtest klicke einfach auf einen der folgendem Links:

  • Togian Islands Diving Sites
  • Togian Tauchsafaris

Buche rechtzeitig um eine große Auswahl zu haben. Die besten Tauchtrips sichern sich Stammkunden schon immer weit im voraus.

Tauchen Bunaken – Manado Tauchplätze

Bunaken National Park

Der Bunaken Nationalpark befindet sich in der Bucht von Manado im Norden von Sulawesi. Zum Nationalpark gehören die Inseln Bunaken, Siladen, Manado Tua, Montehage und Nain. Die Tauchplätze sind alle recht verschieden, obwohl der Schwerpunkt hier in erster Linie im Steilwandtauchen liegt. Es bietet sich hier immer eine gute Chance, um Grossfische wie Haie, Makrelen und Thunfische zu sehen und an einigen Tauchplätzen sieht man auch immer wieder Meeresschildkröten. Die Steilwände sind wunderschön mit Korallen und Schwämmen bewachsen und farbenreich mit etlichen kleinen Höhlen und Überhängen. Die klaren und warmen Gewässer beherbergen eine unglaublich Zahl an Fisharten, Korallen- und Schwammarten. In Bunaken findet man sieben mal mehr Korallen Arten als in Hawai, 33 Schmetterlingsfisch Arten und man findet hier 70% aller Fischarten des Indo Pazifiks.

Der Bunaken Nationalpark liegt etwa 30 Minuten mit dem Boot von Manado entfernt und getaucht wird hauptsächlich rund um Bunaken. Des Weiteren kann man am erloschenen Vulkan Manado Tua und rund um Siladen, Montehage und Nain sehr gute Tauchplätze geniessen.

Ein Teil zur Erhaltung dieser Region ist der Nationalpark, für den jeder Taucher einen Tauchpass kaufen muss, der im Moment bei 150.000 Rupien liegt. Teile dieser Einnahmen werden für Entwicklung von Problemlösungen der Region benutzt. Das größte Problem dieser Region ist das Abfallproblem von Manado City. Dieser landet leider immer noch nach alt Indonesischer Manier im Meer. Man sieht zwar keinen Müll an den Tauchplätzen oder an den Stränden der Resorts, jedoch während Bootsfahrten und wenn man die Hotelstrände verlässt.

• Manado Touristen Informationen

• Karte von Sulawesi

Bunaken Tauchsaison

Tauchen in Bunaken und Manado ist das ganze Jahr hindurch möglich, jedoch herrschen die besten Bedingungen von April bis November. Von Januar bis Ende März muss man mit Regen rechnen und Wind der teilweise 2 Meter Wellen entstehen läßt.

Tauchplatz Grundlagen

Gut für: Kleintierwelt, U/W Fotografie, Steilwand-, Wrack-, Strömungstauchen, Artenvielfalt und für Vortgeschrittene
Nicht Gut für: Wracktauchen und Nichttaucher
Tiefe: 5 – >40m
Sichtweiten: 20 – 35m
Strömungen: ruhig bis teilweise stark
Oberflächenbedingungen: Calm
Wassertemperatur: 27 – 30°C
Schwierigkeitsgrad: Anfänger – Vorgeschritte
Tauchplätze: ~25
Entfernungen: ~18 km Nord von Manado Bay (40 Min.)
Erreichbarkeit: Manado Tauchen Resorts
Empfohlene Aufenthaltdauer: 7 – 10 Tage

Tauchplätze:

Liste der besten Bunaken Tauchplätze:

• Black Rock • Bunaken Timur
• Depan Kampung • Fukui Point
• Lekuan • Mandolin Point
• Tanjung Kopi

 

Dive The World Empfehlungen: Depan Kampung, Tanjung Kopi und Mandolin Point.

Weiter Manado Tauchplätze:

• Lembeh Strait • Bangka

 

Hol Dir Deine Übersicht zu

Komodo Dancer

Goletta Buginese in monochiglia in legno

Imbarcati sul Komodo Dancer e vai in crociera con stile alle Komodo per alcune delle immersioni piu’ belle in Indonesia.

Con una scelta di tre cabina standard con l’en-suite scoprirai presto quel tocco di classe nel servizio che pone le crociere di Pietro Hughes separatamente dalle altre – Indossa la muta e lascia che il personale si prenda cura del resto. Avrai anche un caldo asciugamano e una strofinata alle spalle dopo l’ immersione!

Un yacht tradizionale, ma con un sistema nitrox, e con ‘immersione tecnica disponibile, Komdod Dancer è anche per subacquei seri!

Wir über Uns

Dive The World Indonesia

Mit hunderten von Anbietern von Tauchreisen nach Indonesien gibt es immer “genug Fische im Meer” wenn man Tauchen will.

Aber ziehst Du Dir einen Anglerfisch oder einen Saugerfisch an Land? Wie weiß man wer der Beste ist? Und was bedeutet der Beste überhaupt?

Dive The World Indonesia arbeitet täglich mit den großen Tauchsportveranstaltern Indonesiens zusammen. Wir vergleichen das was Du Dir vorstellst mit dem was verfügbar ist und sorgen dadurch dafür das Du bekommst was Du möchtest.

Wir werfen Dich nicht den ‘Haien’ zum fraß vor, denn wir wissen mit wem wir Dich Tauchen lassen

Wenn Du die Beschreibungen auf unsere Webseite ließt, kannst Du sicher sein das Du eine ehrliche und objektive Beschreibung des zu erwartenden Services erhältst. Wir sagen es wie es ist. Wir benutzen eine verständliche Sprache um Dinge auszudrücken. Du brauchst kein Lexikon um diese zu verstehen.

Wieviel verlangen wir für unseren Service? Keinen Pfennig mehr! Unsere Abmachung mit Indonesiens Tauchveranstalter basiert darauf, dass wir deren Touren zum genau gleichen Preis verkaufen wie sie selbst es tun. Nun kannst Du, anstelle nur mit einem Anbieter Tauchen zu gehen, unsere Erfahrung nutzen, denn wir kennen die Stärken und Schwächen der Veranstalter. In einigen Fällen kann es vorkommen das Du es bei uns sogar billiger bekommst als irgend wo anders (Dies dann aber bitte nicht dem Veranstalter auf die Nase binden!).

Wenn Du ein Problem bekommst mit einem Tauchveranstalter, hast Du als einzelner es schwer eine ordentliche Wiedergutmachung zu bekommen. Veranstalter mit denen wir arbeiten wissen genau, dass Dive The World ihnen keine Kunden mehr schickt wenn sie nicht auf uns hören. Wir verstehen unser Geschäft so, das Du bekommst was Du möchtest und erwartest und dies ohne Überraschungen.

Was haben wir davon? Deine Zufriedenheit ist unsere Investition, Dich und Deine Freunde bald wieder zu sehen.

Sheldon Hey – Dive The World Indonesia – General Manager

Flores Flores Diving by Liveaboard

The Dive Sites of Maumere

Diving in Flores gives you the perfect chance to add new, small fish and aquatic animals to your knowledge base since it is known for its endemic species. The combined effects of dynamite fishing and the earthquake and tsunami of 1992 caused damage to certain areas including Maumere. However, the regeneration of the reefs here is cause for celebration.

These natural phenomena cleared space, which has allowed new corals to flourish and bring an even greater diversity to the sites. Maumere was once considered among Indonesia’s finest dive locations and it is well on its way to a full recovery and provides some excellent and interesting diving.

At South Pangah Balang you may have some current to deal with as you descend over the masses of large leather corals which are present in numbers along the sloping wall that plateaus at around 28m. Soft corals abound here too in impressive sizes and spectacular colours. The sight is enough to take your breath away but faces competition in this regard from the finning you may be doing to combat the current!

Just above the sandy floor you may catch sight of any number of sharks and eagle rays lazily hanging in the current, and garden eels easing themselves into their bottom holes as you pass above. All the while colour will surround you in the shallows where you may find mantis shrimps, several leaffish and other small interesting animals. Humphead parrotfish a metre in length are also often seen as they storm over the reef. When air dictates, you will emerge from this dive, perhaps a little drained, but certainly energised by this excellent Flores dive site.

Wai Terang – This Japanese World War II freighter lies on its side just off the coast of mainland Flores. It lies at a depth of 25m up to about 12m. Over the years the coral growth on this wreck has improved considerably and now the old ship plays host to a fair number of hard and soft corals harbouring small fish life.

You should try to avoid kicking up the silt here since a careless hand or leg in poor visibility could bring your skin into contact with one of the many resident lionfish, a very painful sensation. Other pleasurable sights here include eels, cuttlefish and anthias on what is a very rewarding wreck dive, if not one that allows too much penetration.

Despite bearing the worst of the 1992 tsunami, Babi Island is a surprisingly good dive. The tsunami killed one thousand inhabitants when the wave swept over the island but, over a decade later, the reef wall is now in pristine condition. Although the wall drops down to a depth of about 50 metres, visibility can be so good that it is sometimes possible to see the sea floor from the surface. A more usual visibility is about 15 metres. This site includes snappers, angelfish, parrotfish and damselfish. There are several species of moray eel as well as ribbon eels.

All along the wall, there is a good covering of soft corals, sponges and the brightly coloured crinoids that like to jump off the wall to attach themselves to wetsuits of unsuspecting scuba divers who get too close. Numerous sea apples add splashes of gold, blue and red colours. The extent of the regeneration of the reef is highlighted by the number of gorgonian seafans along the wall, the biggest ones found at depths of 35m and below. This can be an excellent drift dive when currents are strong.

Adonara Island in east Flores has a few established dive sites like Magic Log where frogfish and ribbon eels are common. Wonderpus octopuses have been seen here, as has the very rare weedy scorpionfish (Rhinopias). All around the island there are headlands and channels that are gradually being explored by visiting liveaboard dive boats but there is still a lot of un-dived territory to discover in this area.

Also well worth exploring is Lambata Island. The headland next to Lamalera Village is worth several days diving alone. The shadowy shape of reef sharks tempt you out into the depths from where you can make your way back up through the boulders and coral. Huge angelfish are common as are parrotfish and schools of fusiliers. Successful searches in the gorgonian seafans will discover pygmy seahorses. Also, as Lamalera is one of only 2 traditional whaling villages left in Flores, you never know what you might see in the surrounding seas.

• View map of Indonesia

Diving Season

The best Flores diving conditions are from April to December.

Reef Basics

Great for: Small animals, drift diving and snorkelling
Not so great for: Beginner divers and non-diving activities
Depth: 12 – 28m
Visibility: 8 – 30m
Currents: Can be strong
Surface Conditions: Can be rough
Water Temperature: 25 – 30°C
Experience Level: Intermediate – advanced
Number of dive sites: ~10
Distance: 20 km east of Komodo (2 hours), ~300 km west of Alor (15 hours)
Access: Indonesian liveaboard diving
Recommended length of stay: 3 – 4 days

Irian Jaya Diving Sites

Sardines

Sardines is always a firm favourite among the Indonesia liveaboard dive sites of Irian Jaya. You won’t find sardines here but the fish that you will find are almost as tightly packed.

Those who have dived here talk with great enthusiasm about the sheer numbers of fascinating fish here. Of course there are great schools of trevallies and tuna in numbers that practically block out the light but you can also be entertained by vast numbers of bumpheaded parrotfish as they charge around and devour the coral.

Irian Jaya diving provides another highlight in the shape of the bizarre looking wobbegongs that lurk underneath table corals. Raja Ampat is one of the very few places outside of Australia that you can see these creatures. These strange looking tassled sharks make for a great photo opportunity as do the pygmy seahorses that you might find clinging to one of the huge gorgonians.

At times the current discourages any notions you may have of lingering in the one spot for that perfect snap, so if you really want these shots you may have to dive here again. Given the site’s quality, it is no surprise that many divers choose to do just that.

• Irian Jaya tourist information

• View map of Irian Jaya

Sardines Reef Basics: Fringing reef
Depth: 7 – 28m
Visibility: 10 – 30m
Currents: Can be strong
Surface Conditions: Calm
Water Temperature: 27 – 30°C
Experience Level: Intermediate
Number of dive sites: 1
Diving Season: All year round
Distance: ~50 km north of Sorong (5 hours), at Kri Island, near Waigeo Island
Access: Indonesia liveaboard scuba diving in Irian Jaya

Use our short form to grab your options for
• Indonesia scuba diving enquiries

Nusa Lembongan Beach Villas

Deluxe Beach Holiday Villas…
These deluxe self-contained villas are luxury holiday homes available for short rents. Enjoy all the comforts of your own home with full entertainment systems, kitchen, balcony with great views, and en-suite bathrooms. The villas are very spacious (living room, dining area, huge kitchen, separate bedrooms) and beautifully furnished. For those seeking a little luxury or for groups sharing the price, they really do represent excellent value.

Rooms: 10
Diving in: Bali – Penida Island and Nusa Lembongan
Dive type: Boat dives
Divers: Max. 18

Some of the villas even have their own plunge pool and all have a beautiful view over the beach and towards mainland Bali, dominated by the sacred Mount Agung. Cool off in the plunge pool or enjoy your pre-dive breakfast from your balcony, drink in the spectacular view and feel more like a villa owner than another number in a standard dive resort.

The villas are situated just a stroll down the beach from World Diving who whose professionalism and friendliness will make your dive days a joy. What better way to dive Nusa Lembongan and Penida than from your own deluxe home away from home?

Rooms, Beds, Bathrooms, Views…
Each of the 10 villas has two beautiful double rooms with queen size four poster beds with mosquito netting, air con, walk in wardrobe and en suite bathrooms in Balinese style. The bedrooms are simply and elegantly furnished. Deluxe villas feature an additional private plunge pool. Additional rooms are downstairs and feature single beds.

All the villas have:

  • Panoramic seaviews from private balcony
  • Plunge pool for Deluxe Villas
  • Air-conditioning in bedrooms, ceiling fans in communal areas
  • Private bathroom with hot water shower, toiletries and towels
  • Fully fitted kitchen
  • Living room with sofa, entertainment system and dining area
  • Satellite TV and music
  • International telephone
  • Personal safe
  • Plunge pool for Deluxe Villas
  • Sofa, table and chairs
  • 24 hour room service
Diving Details…
Dive trips depart before high tide to Lembongan and Nusa Penida, and return four hours later. The boats visit all 18 different dive sites at these islands.

The dive boats feature:

  • 3 engine large boat plus single engine boat
  • Open and shaded areas
  • Entry and exit ladders

Trips are limited to a maximum of 14 divers. Dive guides are provided, with soft drinks, tea, coffee, savory snacks, fruit and biscuits.

Dive gear is carried and washed by staff. Boat journey time is 5 – 15 minutes for Nusa Lembongan dive sites, and 30 – 90 minutes for Nusa Penida diving sites.

Immersione di Bali, Bunaken e Komodo

Immersioni in Indonesia?

Cerca le migliori immersioni per rapporto qualita/prezzo in Indonesia e Bali?

Perché sprechi dozzine di ore a navigare nel web?

Sebbene alcune persone ci pensano due volte prima di viaggiare in Indonesia, non troverai nessun problema in questo luogo, solamente un luogo semplice con delle belle, pacate destinazioni e il migliore resort e crociera subacquei in Indonesia.

Scoprirai informazioni per Bali, Sulawesi – Bunaken, Stretto di Lembeh, Bangka e Sangihe Arcipelago in Manado, a Wakatobi, Komodo, Raja Ampat, Isole Banda, Alor e Flores – attraverso il Mare Banda fino a Irian Jaya!

L’Indonesia si trova nel cuore del più grande triangolo di biodiversità marina al mondo, dispone del maggior numero di destinazioni per immersione di qualsiasi altro posto sulla terra. Non solo è una tappa fondamentale per I sub professionisti, ma dispone di siti per tutti I livelli di esperienza e certificazione. Aree quail Komodo, Raja Ampat e Banda stanno diventando rinomate quail fra le migliori destinazioni per delle crociere con immersione (liveaboard) affiancandosi alla già celeberrima Sulawesi.

Immergiti per scendere in basso…

Uno scrigno di scelte!

Sei appena arrivato su una gemma della subacquea l’Indonesia:

  •    15  Crociere sub
  •    20  Resort subacquei in Bali e Sulawesi
  •    50  Corsi PADI
  •    18  Destinazioni subacquee
  •    25  Isole
Pensi di trovare un prezzo migliore del nostro?

… Trova un prezzo migliore e noi lo paghiamo …
Controlla la nostra
garanzia del 200%

Usa la nostra forma di 3 minuti:
• Ottieni subito la tua lista di opzioni gratuita per diving in Indonesia

O cerca in questo website dal semplice uso così puoi comparare prezzi, valutare, benefici, e caratteristiche di tutte le destinazioni di liveaboard e resort per subacquei.

Potrai scegliere da tutti i pacchetti vacanza più popolari per un’immersione subaquea in Bali e Bunaken senza pagare un centesimo in più!

Perché la tua soddisfazione è il nostro investimento per rivederti molto presto te e i tuoi amici.

Attenzione personale

Sconti per sub

… Gruppi, Prenotazioni in anticipo, last minute, troverai tutto qui … e chi ritorna ottiene un ulteriore 5% di sconto …
Chiedi a noi

Confuso con tutte le scelte? Trai profitto dalla conoscenza profonda d’immersione subacquea in Indonesia dal nostro personale del centro di prenotazione e di risposta.

Il nostro scopo è fare la tua vita più facile e farti trovare la tua migliore immersione. Contattaci e otterrai chiarimenti immediati a tutte le tue domande che ti aiuteranno a fare la scelta appropriata!

Usi la nostra esperienza obiettiva per aiutarti a scegliere il migliore rapporto qualità/prezzo – nessuna questione se è l’ultimo liveaboards di poco prezzo in Bali o il lusso dannato dei resort di Bunaken.

Informazioni da chi è sul posto

Guarda sotto-il-cofano di una rassegna di tutte le destinazioni della subacquea – immersioni a Bali, Bunaken e Sulawesi, chiaramente organizzata in una facile configurazione, scoprirai presto quello che e’in caldo e quello che non lo è.

Quindi non avere fiducia solo nella fortuna quando il nostro consiglio indipendente può volere fare la differenza tra delizia e delusione per la tua prossima destinazione subacquea di sogno!

Seleziona ora la tua preferenza per:

• Crociere sub in Indonesia
Vai in crociera per partenze su liveaboard a Bali, alle Isole di Komodo, Banda, Raja Ampat – Irian Jaya, Sulawesi, Wakatobi e oltre

• Indonesia resort per subacquei
Immersioni Bali, Bunaken e Stretto di Lembeh a Manado, Sulawesi – tutte le tue necessità ordinate!

• Corsi di subacquea PADI
Uno ad uno o istruzione di gruppo con istruttori professionali muniti di certificato alle Bali e Manado – Bunaken

Il tempo stringe? Dicci precisamente quello che stai cercando come vacanza subacquea e noi ti diciamo dove trovarlo: Mandaci email ora

Confirmed – Raja Ampat Islands Contain World’s Richest Coral Reefs

New Fish and Coral Species Found During Scientific Expedition

Some of the world’s most experienced tropical marine scientists, led by The Nature Conservancy, completed a three-week expedition to the Indonesian islands of Raja Ampat, where they confirmed that the area contains the richest coral reefs in the world.

The Raja Ampat islands are located to the west of Sorong, on the northwest tip of the island of New Guinea in the Papua Province of Indonesia. The four main islands – Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati and Misool – and their thousands of satellite islands cover an area of some 23,630 square miles (61,200 sq. kilometres).

The scientists found that the number of reef fish and coral species in the area is even greater than previously expected. At least 465 coral species were recorded, with at least 20 species defying identification and under further study. This brings the total confirmed corals from the Raja Ampat islands to 505 species, which is an incredible 64% of all known coral species in the world (for more recent estimations of numbers, see our 2006 survey report).

During the trip, 828 fish species were recorded, adding an additional 95 (including four new to Indonesia) and raising the known total for Raja Ampat to 1,065 species – amongst the highest diversity in the world. A new personal record of 284 fish species on one single dive was set by Dr. Gerry Allen at Kofiau Island. When lab results on marine samples are completed, the scientists expect to find species of fish and coral that are new to science.

“The waters around the Raja Ampat Islands are teeming with a diversity of fish and corals surpassing anyplace else on Earth”, said Steve McCormick, president of The Nature Conservancy. “This spot is at the heart of the heart of marine biodiversity, and every effort must be made to conserve it”.

“While we constantly see reports of decimated and degraded marine ecosystems in western and central Indonesia, this survey is clear proof that there is still a chance to conserve significant, high quality island and reef ecosystems in Indonesia”, added the Conservancy’s Indonesia Country Director, Dr Ian Dutton. “The Conservancy is working in partnership with local communities and government, university and industry partners to protect this amazing area”.

Raja Ampat has just become an independent administrative area, or Kabupaten, and there are concerns that the need to raise local revenue will result in widespread extraction of natural resources. Results of this marine study and associated maps will be presented to the local communities to educate them about the rich biodiversity that the area possesses and solicit ideas on how best to conserve it. It will help the local government draw up environmentally sensitive plans for development, and help the Conservancy and other conservation organisations determine how best to protect this remote tropical paradise.

“Customary ownership and resource use traditions of the area mean that some of the reefs have escaped the ravages common to many other Southeast Asian reefs”, said Dr. Rod Salm, the Conservancy’s director of coastal marine conservation in Asia-Pacific. “This is a really exciting opportunity to develop a conservation program with communities that have a strong personal and historical commitment to managing their resources sustainably”.

The scientists found many of Raja Ampat’s reefs to be in generally good condition despite the rampant reef destruction often seen in Southeast Asia. Parts of reefs damaged by blast and cyanide fishing showed good recovery, and there were few signs of the extensive coral bleaching that devastated reefs in many areas of the world following the 1998 El Niño. The fact that the corals resisted bleaching confirms their resilience and value as a source of larvae to aid in the recovery of damaged reefs widely throughout Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Micronesia.

The team also noted a virtual absence of sharks during the trip – only three large sharks were seen in 500 hours underwater. Over-fishing has caused a steep decline in the Raja Ampat shark population. Shark fins are highly sought after as a soup ingredient in Asia. There are around 200 shark-fishing boats active in this area, and they each can catch an estimated 240 sharks per month. Once fins are removed, the bodies are left to rot on the reefs. The removal of the ecosystem’s top predator is only one of the damaging effects of humans on the reefs – the buzz of chain saws, the crash of falling trees, and bombing and cyanide fishing are still widely practiced, and turtles are being over-harvested at every location they nest.

Terrestrial teams found many unique habitats in Raja Ampat, particularly the broken-bottle landscape of karst limestone, and the mineral-rich soils of the northern islands. Around these islands the extreme habitat has resulted in high levels of endemism – although overall diversity is low, many of the plant species are found only in this particular habitat. Several potentially new species of plants were discovered, including a new species of the tropical flowering plant Psychotria on Kawe Island.

Local communities are very concerned about the damage being caused to their environment as on the whole they depend on marine resources for their livelihood. Extractive industries such as logging and commercial fishing threaten to destroy the rich diversity of plant and animal life in these remote islands. Consistently, researchers on the socio-economic team were told by local villagers that they feel powerless to thwart the outside resource raiders who do most of the damage, as they often are backed by powerful commercial and government interests.

Raja Ampat Scientific Expedition Study Group

Some of the world’s best marine scientists, led by The Nature Conservancy, spent nearly a month in 2002 at sea traversing the Indonesian islands of Raja Ampat searching for new species of fish, corals and marine life:

From 31 October to 22 November 2002, a team of international scientists conducted a ‘rapid ecological assessment’ of the marine and terrestrial habitats of the Raja Ampat Islands, considered the centre of the bull’s-eye of Earth’s marine biodiversity.

Based on the Indonesia live-aboard dive boat Pindito, the team of international scientists traversed 700 nautical miles through the Raja Ampat group, focussing on the islands of Misool, Wayag and Waigeo, this region is easily the most important location for corals in the world. The team spent three weeks scuba diving, counting fish and coral species and recording marine conditions. On land, they recorded plant and animal life and interviewed local residents to assess the overall biodiversity of the Raja Ampat islands.

The survey included biologists from The Nature Conservancy, World Wildlife Fund Indonesia, Indonesian Institute of Science, Western Australian Museum, Harvard Herbarium and the University of Papua. The scientists expected to find new species of plants and animals, particularly on some of the most isolated islands that are in effect mini-continents where new species can evolve in response to unique features of their habitat. A recent 15-day study found four previously undescribed species of stomatopod shrimp, and the highest overall stomatopod diversity in all of Indonesia.

A socio-economic team investigated the scale of economic impacts in the Raja Ampat area, and interviewed local residents about their attitudes toward their environment, land ownership and traditional regulations for managing access to natural resources.

Alfred Russell Wallace visited the area in 1860, when he studied the Red Bird of Paradise, and collected large numbers of previously unknown insects, birds and mammals. It was one of the places that helped him develop the theory of evolution, in parallel with Charles Darwin.

More details of the survey can be found on http://www.reefbase.org/rajaampat/. The website shows pictures taken during the survey, both underwater and on land, which can be downloaded and used freely.