Tasik Ria Dive Resort

Very Affordable, High Quality Beach Resort…
The only PADI 5 Star Manado resort to use high quality, comfortable diving boats to explore the islands of the Bunaken marine park. The Red Sea style boats offer plenty of space and comfort for the trips to the dive sites and for lunch between dives.

Rooms: 34
Diving in: Manado and Bunaken
Dive type: Boat dives
Divers: Max. 40

With qualified divemasters to guide you, a service sadly missing from the other Manado diving resorts, Eco-Divers at Tasik Ria represents the most professional diving outfit in the area and clearly stands head and shoulders above the rest.

An international standard beach resort with excellent, modern facilities – two pools and well appointed rooms, the resort offers high quality at a great price. Families will love the pools and other entertainment and adults can enjoy a relaxing body treatment at the spa. After dinner you can unwind with a few drinks at the Jetty Bar, looking out across the islands of the park.

There is also a wider menu than many other local resorts can offer, with a large buffet selection as well as an international a la carte menu. The range of facilities at Tasik Ria means this Manado Resort is ideal for couples, friends and families, appealing to both divers and non-divers alike.

Rooms, Beds, Bathrooms, Views…
There are 14 sea view bungalows or 20 poolside rooms with white tile floors. All are doubles or twins with extra beds and family rooms available. All accommodations boast impressive fixtures and furnishings.

All the bungalows and rooms have:

  • Individual control air-conditioning and fans
  • Private bath and shower with hot water
  • Towels, tolietries and hairdryer
  • Satellite TV and international telephone
  • Minibar, tea and coffee making facilities
  • Veranda
  • Personal safe
  • Round two-pin power sockets
  • Room service (10:00 – 22:00 hrs)
Diving Details…
Tasik Ria resort has boat diving at the five islands that make up the Bunaken National Park, as well as some interesting dives close to the resort on the Manado shoreline, and trips further afield to the Lembeh Strait.

The dive boats feature:

  • Cruise speed 12 knots
  • 12-16m fibreglass hull
  • Maximum of 15 divers per boat
  • Dive deck with steel ladders
  • Kit up area, toilet & shower
  • Saloon, sundeck & shaded area
  • Rinse tank & camera table

Daily departures are at 08:00 hrs, returning around 17:00 hrs. There are three boat dives per day before returning to the resort.

Meet at the pier where your equipment will already be on board one of the three spacious and modern dive boats. Relax in the sun, shade or indoor saloon during the journey across to Bunaken. Take a hot shower, dry off with a towel, have refreshments between dives, with lunch served in the dining area. No need to lug your gear off the boat and wash it, that’s all taken care of.

Dive boat trips include qualified divemasters, as well as lunch, drinking water, coffee, tea, fruit, towels and a dive computer. Boat journey time is around one hour.

Tauchen Indonesien – Informationen

Touristen Informationen

Auf der Suche nach Antworten für einen reibungslosen tauchen Indonesien Urlaub?

Hier findet man nützliche Informationen zu den folgendem Regionen:

• Bali
Inselparadis

• Banda Inseln
Würze Deine nächste Indonesien Tauchsafari

• Irian Jaya
Kanibalen, Paradisvögel und Raja Ampat

• Komodo
Tauchen und Drachen…

• Sulawesi
Im Herzen der Celebes See…

• Karte von Indonesien

Auf dem Rest der Seite findet man Informationen zu Indonesien

  • Sicherheit
  • Wie komme ich dorthin?
  • Allgemeine Information
  • Etikette

Noch Fragen?
Dann schau mal bei Häufig gestellte Fragen…

Sicherheita

Wir sind daran interessiert Euch zu einem Urlaub in Indonesien zu bewegen.

Wir bezeichnen Indonesien als ein relativ sicheres Reiseziel. Als qualifizierter Taucher sollte man wissen wie man sich auf neue Situationen vorbereitet( Stoppen, Atmen, Nachdenken). Also erst mal schlau machen bevor man loslegt.

Indonesien ist ein riesiges sich entwickelndes Land, mit krassen Gegensätzen und wie in viele anderen Ländern dieser Welt ebenfalls ein Land mit sozialen Konflikten. Das bedeutet das es in bestimmten Regionen und Gebieten des Landes ein hohes Sicherheitsrisiko für Touristen gibt. Die Aceh Provinz im Nordosten von Sumatra ist ein gutes Beispiel, oder viele Stadtviertel in Jakarta sollten gemieden werden. Wenn man solchen bekannten Problemzonen aus dem Weg geht gibt es keinen Grund zur Beunruhigung.

Indonesien ist nicht bekannt für Sicherheits Probleme im Zusammenhang mit dem Tourismus. Die einzige Ausnamen sind die Bombenattentate in Bali und Jakarta im Jahr 2002 und 2003. Seit diesen Vorfällen sind Sicherheitsvorkehrungen massiv erhöht worden.

Dive the World hat selbst alle Reiseziele die hier beschrieben werden besucht und haben niemals schlechte Erfahrungen gemacht. Außerdem haben wir nie Berichte von Problemen wegen sicherheit unseren Kunden erhalten. Der allgemeine Eindruck den man von diesem Land erhält ist im Normalfall der von Wärme, Gastfreundschaft und kulturellem Reichtum. Wenn man blind allen Warnungen des Heimatlandes folgt, wundert man sich das man überhaupt noch das Haus verlassen kann!

Um sich vor unerwarteten Ereignissen abzusichern, empfehlt sich eine Tauch- und Reiseversicherung abzuschließen. Günstiger Rundum Schutz bekommt man bei unserem Partner für Reiseversicherungen.

Anreise

Die meisten Indonesien Tauchreisenden fliegen direkt nach Denpasar, Bali (gelegentlich auch via Jakarta) oder Manado in Sulawesi.

Bitte benutze einen der folgenden Links für mehr Informationen zu Wie komme ich nach Bali und wie nach Manado.

Indonesische Inlandsflüge direkt mit den Flugesellschaften oder aber auch durch örtliche Reisebüros zu buchen kann unter Umständen ein richtig schwieriges Unterfangen werden. Oft treten schon Probleme auf wenn man nur die richtigen Preise oder freie Plätze finden will ganz zu schweigen von der eigentlichen Buchung und Abholung der Tickets. Aus diesem Grunde empfehlen wir dass Ihr Inlandsflüge in Indonesien mit folgender Agentur bucht:

Manado Safari Tours
Telefon: +62 431 857637
E-Mail: info@ManadoSafaris.com
Skype Name: jhbmanado

Manado Safari Tours bucht Tickets, stellt diese aus und verschickt diese als E-Ticket per E-Mail oder übergibt diese bei Ankunft in Manado, Jakarta oder Bali oder hinterlegt die Tickets in Eurem Hotel. Auf Wunsch können Tickets auch per Kurier verschickt werden (gegen Aufpreis). Dive The World hat nichts mit dem Buchungsvorgang zu tun. Wir empfehlen diese Agentur, da diese sehr professionell und Zuverlässig ist. (Wir können jedoch aushelfen sollte es Probleme geben mit der Englischen Sprache).

Wenn man Hotel Übernachtungen benötigt bekommt man Zimmer schnell und zu best möglichem Preis bei Agoda, unserem Partner für Hotel Reservierungen.

Allgemeine Infos

Hier findet man Informationen zu:

  • Einführung
  • Die Leute
  • Klima
  • Gesundheit
  • Touristen Visa
  • Zeitzonen
  • Geschäftszeiten
  • Stromversorgung
  • Fotographieren
  • Kommunikation

Über Indonesien

Die Republik Indonesien bildet eine lange aus Inseln bestehende Brücke zwischen den Kontinenten Asien und Australien. Der Archipel umfasst ungefähr 17.000 Inseln, von denen ca. 6000 bewohnt sind, und erstreckt sich von Sumatra im Westen über 5100 km bis Neuguinea im Osten, nördlich von Australien.

Die Inseln Indonesiens können in drei Kategorien eingeteilt werden: Die grossen Sundainseln Sumatra, Kalimantan (Borneo) und Java sowie einige kleinere Inseln im Westen, die dem sich vom asiatischen Kontinent herunterziehenden asiatischen Sunda-Kontinentalsockel aufliegen. Diese Inseln sind von der dazwischen liegenden Java-See umgeben, die an keiner Stelle tiefer als 100 Meter ist.

Die Insel Neuguinea und einige kleine Inseln in der Arafura-See liegen auf dem Sahul-Kontinentalsockel und sind dadurch mit Australien verbunden. Zwischen diesen beiden Kontinentalsockeln liegen die Molukken, die Insel Sulawesi, welches ein Paradies für Taucher bietet wie Manado, Bunaken oder Wakatobi. Sowie die Kleinen Sundainseln (Nusa Tenggara), mehrere Inselbögen, die von einem bis zu 4500 Meter tiefen Meeresgraben umgeben sind. Hierzu zählen unter anderem auch Die Komododo Inseln, einem Tauchsafari Ziel der Extraklasse.

Leute von Indonesien

Es gibt ca. 202 Millionen Einwohner, das es zum viert Bevölkerungs reichsten Land der Erde macht. 128 Million leben auf Java. Es gibt 300 ethnische Gruppen die 365 verschiedene Sparachen und Dialekte sprechen. Die meisten haben ihren Ursprung im Malay und sprechen fast alle die Nationalsprache Bahasa Indonesia.

Der Islam ist die domonierende Religion, jedoch setzt sich die Regierung massiv für Relegionsfreiheit ein. Christen findet man vielfach in Sulawesi und einigen anderen östlich gelegeneden Regionen wie Flores. Hinduismus auf Bali und Animismus in Sumba und Irian Jaya.

Klima

Aufgrund der geografischen Lage der Inseln beierseits des Äquators ist das Klima tropisch mit hohen Niederschlägen. Die Temperaturen liegen im Flachland das ganze Jahr über bei 22 – 34 Grad Celsius, in Höhenlagen entsprechend niedriger. Ebenfalls umfangreich sind die jährlichen Niederschlagsmengen, daher liegt die Luftfeuchtigkeit ständig bei rund 80 Prozent. Größere Abkühlung nur nachts in den Bergen. Der Ost- und West- Monsun bestimmt die Regen- und Trockenzeiten des Landes.

Das Land streckt sich über ein enorme Distanz, das man immer Gebiete hat in dem exzellente Tauchbedingungen herrschen. Das macht dieses Reiseziel zu einem ganzjährig Ziel. Mehr zu Tauchbedingungen, Wetter und vielem mehrin Indonesien findet man bei den Tauchplatzbeschreibungen.

Für Wetter Vorhersagen für viele Städte in Indonesien und anderen Regionen von SO Asien mal bei der Hong Kong Observatorium Webseite vorbeischaun.

Gesundheit

Impfungen sind für Reisende aus Europa nicht vorgeschrieben. Zum Schutz sind jedoch Impfungen gegen Tetanus, Polio und Hepatitis A und B zu empfehlen. Auf Kalimantan und in Irian Jaya sowie auf den Inseln östlich von Bali ist Malaria verbreitet.

Wasser sollte generell vor der Benutzung zum Trinken oder Zähneputzen entweder abgekocht oder anderweitig sterilisiert werden.

Der Abschluss einer Reisekrankenversicherung ist empfehlenswert. Eine individuelle Reiseapotheke sollte mitgenommen und unterwegs den Temperaturen entsprechend geschützt werden.

Als malariafrei gelten nur die indonesischen Großstädte und die Touristenzentren auf Java und Bali.

Touristen Visas

Deutsche Staatsangehörige benötigen seit 01. Februar 2004 ein Visum zur Einreise nach Indonesien. Das Visum wird bei der Einreise erteilt und kostet 25,- USD für einen Aufenthalt bis zu dreißig Tagen (dreitägiger Aufenthalt kostet 10,- USD), zahlbar in USD. Euro können getauscht werden, Ausgabe des Rückgeldes erfolgt in indonesischen Rupiah. Zahlung mit Visa- und Mastercard ist möglich. Das Auswärtige Amt rät, aus praktischen Gründen den Betrag bei der Einreise passend in USD zur Verfügung zu haben. Eine Verlängerung des Visums über 30 Tage hinaus ist nicht möglich. Ist ein längerer Aufenthalt geplant, muss das Visum vor der Einreise beantragt werden

Bitte Beachten:
• Der Reisepass muss zum Zeitpunkt der Einreise nach Indonesien noch mindestens sechs Monate gültig sein.

Visa können bei Einreise nur an folgenden Punkten ausgestellt werden:
• Flughäfen: Medan, Pekanbaru, Padang, Jakarta, Surabaya, Bali und Manado
• Seehäfen: Batam, Tanjung Uban (Bintan), Belawan (Medan), Sibolga (Sumatra), Dumai, Teluk Bayar (Padang, Sumatra), Padang Bai (Bali), und Jayapura (Papua)

Zeitzonen

Westindonesien (Sumatra, Java, Madura, West- und Zentralkalimantan): MEZ + 6 Std. Zentralindonesien (Bali, Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi, Süd- und Ostkalimantan): MEZ + 7 Std. Ostindonesien (Molukken und Irian Jaya): MEZ + 8 Std. Während der europäischen Sommerzeit ist der Zeitunterschied jeweils eine Stunde geringer

Geschäftszeiten

Banken: Mo-Fr 8-12 Uhr und Samstag 8-11 Uhr. Ämter, Behörden und Büros: Mo-Do 8-14, Fr 8-11, Sa 8-12 Uhr. Geschäfte haben durchweg unterschiedliche Öffnungszeiten, in grossen Städten und Touristenzentren sind sie oft bis spät am Abend offen.

Stromversorgung

Meist 220 Volt. Wechselstrom. Mit Stromschwankungen und Stromausfällen ist immer wieder zu rechnen.

Fotografieren

Allgemein gebräuchliche Filme sind überall erhältlich. Wer besondere Ansprüche ist gut beraten das benötigte Filmmaterial von zu Hause mitzubringen.

Kommunikation

Internet Cafes sind in den Touristen Gebieten weit verbreite, jedoch meist nur mit sehr langsamen Verbindungen.

Telefon Gespräche innerhalb Indonesiens können zu einem Geduldspiel werden, sehr viel besser funktionieren internationale Telefonate. Am preiswertesten sind Interkontinentalgespräche in den Geschäften von Telkom, Perumtel oder in einem der zahlreichen kleinen Wartels bzw. von Kartentelefonen in der Hotellobby. Internationale Vorwahlnummern von Indonesien aus: Deutschland 00149, Österreich 00143, Schweiz 00141. Landesvorwahl Indonesien: 0062.

Postämter: Mo-Do 8-14, Fr 8-12, Sa 8-13 Uhr (die Hauptpostämter in den großen Städten sind Nachmittags zum Teil bis 16 Uhr geöffnet).

Benimmregeln

Indonesier machen viele Ausnahmen für Westler, speziell in Touristisch erschlossenen Regionen. Jedoch sollte man einige Dinge beachten.

Die linke Hand wird als unrein angesehen, somit sollte man die linke nicht benutzen wenn man Dinge überreicht oder entgegennimmt. Das Hände schütteln ist allgemein üblich wenn man einander vorgestellt wird. Oder bei Ankunft oder Abreise.

Der Kopf wird als sitz der Seele angesehen, darum sollte man auf gar keinen Fall den Kopf eines anderen anfassen.

Mit jemandem sprechen und dabei die Hände auf den Hüften abstützen wird als respektlos angesehen oder als zeichen für aggression und Ärger.

Wenn man mit Indonesiern isst muss man warten bis der Gastgeber mit dem essen beginnt. Angebotene Getränke sollte man nicht ablehnen da dies als unhöflich;ich angesehen wird.

Trinkgeld & Handeln

Überall, wo viele Touristen hinkommen, wird inzwischen auch ein kleines Trinkgeld erwartet, das nicht unter 1000-2000 Rp. liegen sollte.

Handeln ist ein beliebter Zeitvertreib in Indonesien. Ausgenommen Tauchen, Restaurants, Transport und Hotel, bei denen die Preise festgelegt sind.

Kleidung

Es ist empfehlenswert, sich relativ dezent zu kleiden (keine schulter- oder beinfreie Kleidung), um bei den Einheimischen nicht allzu negativ aufzufallen. Um in die hinduistischen Tempel eingelassen zu werden, muss man meistens einen Sarong tragen, den man allerdings gewöhnlich auch davor leihen kann

Kriminalität

Der grossteil der Bevölkerung ist ehrlich mit ausgeprägtem Sinn für Recht und Unrecht. Wie auch immer, Touristen ziehen Taschendiebe an, egal wo auch immer in der Welt. Darum sollte man darauf vorbereitet sein.

Interessiert?

Wenn Du gerne die einzigartige Unterwasserwelt Indonesiens erkunden möchtest dann klicke einfach auf einen der folgendem Links:

  • Tauchplätze in Indonesien
  • Indonesien Tauchsafaris
  • Indonesien – Tauchen & Hotel

Buche rechtzeitig um eine große Auswahl zu haben. Die besten Tauchtrips sichern sich Stammkunden schon immer weit im voraus.

Flores Flores Diving by Liveaboard

The Dive Sites of Maumere

Diving in Flores gives you the perfect chance to add new, small fish and aquatic animals to your knowledge base since it is known for its endemic species. The combined effects of dynamite fishing and the earthquake and tsunami of 1992 caused damage to certain areas including Maumere. However, the regeneration of the reefs here is cause for celebration.

These natural phenomena cleared space, which has allowed new corals to flourish and bring an even greater diversity to the sites. Maumere was once considered among Indonesia’s finest dive locations and it is well on its way to a full recovery and provides some excellent and interesting diving.

At South Pangah Balang you may have some current to deal with as you descend over the masses of large leather corals which are present in numbers along the sloping wall that plateaus at around 28m. Soft corals abound here too in impressive sizes and spectacular colours. The sight is enough to take your breath away but faces competition in this regard from the finning you may be doing to combat the current!

Just above the sandy floor you may catch sight of any number of sharks and eagle rays lazily hanging in the current, and garden eels easing themselves into their bottom holes as you pass above. All the while colour will surround you in the shallows where you may find mantis shrimps, several leaffish and other small interesting animals. Humphead parrotfish a metre in length are also often seen as they storm over the reef. When air dictates, you will emerge from this dive, perhaps a little drained, but certainly energised by this excellent Flores dive site.

Wai Terang – This Japanese World War II freighter lies on its side just off the coast of mainland Flores. It lies at a depth of 25m up to about 12m. Over the years the coral growth on this wreck has improved considerably and now the old ship plays host to a fair number of hard and soft corals harbouring small fish life.

You should try to avoid kicking up the silt here since a careless hand or leg in poor visibility could bring your skin into contact with one of the many resident lionfish, a very painful sensation. Other pleasurable sights here include eels, cuttlefish and anthias on what is a very rewarding wreck dive, if not one that allows too much penetration.

Despite bearing the worst of the 1992 tsunami, Babi Island is a surprisingly good dive. The tsunami killed one thousand inhabitants when the wave swept over the island but, over a decade later, the reef wall is now in pristine condition. Although the wall drops down to a depth of about 50 metres, visibility can be so good that it is sometimes possible to see the sea floor from the surface. A more usual visibility is about 15 metres. This site includes snappers, angelfish, parrotfish and damselfish. There are several species of moray eel as well as ribbon eels.

All along the wall, there is a good covering of soft corals, sponges and the brightly coloured crinoids that like to jump off the wall to attach themselves to wetsuits of unsuspecting scuba divers who get too close. Numerous sea apples add splashes of gold, blue and red colours. The extent of the regeneration of the reef is highlighted by the number of gorgonian seafans along the wall, the biggest ones found at depths of 35m and below. This can be an excellent drift dive when currents are strong.

Adonara Island in east Flores has a few established dive sites like Magic Log where frogfish and ribbon eels are common. Wonderpus octopuses have been seen here, as has the very rare weedy scorpionfish (Rhinopias). All around the island there are headlands and channels that are gradually being explored by visiting liveaboard dive boats but there is still a lot of un-dived territory to discover in this area.

Also well worth exploring is Lambata Island. The headland next to Lamalera Village is worth several days diving alone. The shadowy shape of reef sharks tempt you out into the depths from where you can make your way back up through the boulders and coral. Huge angelfish are common as are parrotfish and schools of fusiliers. Successful searches in the gorgonian seafans will discover pygmy seahorses. Also, as Lamalera is one of only 2 traditional whaling villages left in Flores, you never know what you might see in the surrounding seas.

• View map of Indonesia

Diving Season

The best Flores diving conditions are from April to December.

Reef Basics

Great for: Small animals, drift diving and snorkelling
Not so great for: Beginner divers and non-diving activities
Depth: 12 – 28m
Visibility: 8 – 30m
Currents: Can be strong
Surface Conditions: Can be rough
Water Temperature: 25 – 30°C
Experience Level: Intermediate – advanced
Number of dive sites: ~10
Distance: 20 km east of Komodo (2 hours), ~300 km west of Alor (15 hours)
Access: Indonesian liveaboard diving
Recommended length of stay: 3 – 4 days

Irian Jaya Diving Sites

Sardines

Sardines is always a firm favourite among the Indonesia liveaboard dive sites of Irian Jaya. You won’t find sardines here but the fish that you will find are almost as tightly packed.

Those who have dived here talk with great enthusiasm about the sheer numbers of fascinating fish here. Of course there are great schools of trevallies and tuna in numbers that practically block out the light but you can also be entertained by vast numbers of bumpheaded parrotfish as they charge around and devour the coral.

Irian Jaya diving provides another highlight in the shape of the bizarre looking wobbegongs that lurk underneath table corals. Raja Ampat is one of the very few places outside of Australia that you can see these creatures. These strange looking tassled sharks make for a great photo opportunity as do the pygmy seahorses that you might find clinging to one of the huge gorgonians.

At times the current discourages any notions you may have of lingering in the one spot for that perfect snap, so if you really want these shots you may have to dive here again. Given the site’s quality, it is no surprise that many divers choose to do just that.

• Irian Jaya tourist information

• View map of Irian Jaya

Sardines Reef Basics: Fringing reef
Depth: 7 – 28m
Visibility: 10 – 30m
Currents: Can be strong
Surface Conditions: Calm
Water Temperature: 27 – 30°C
Experience Level: Intermediate
Number of dive sites: 1
Diving Season: All year round
Distance: ~50 km north of Sorong (5 hours), at Kri Island, near Waigeo Island
Access: Indonesia liveaboard scuba diving in Irian Jaya

Use our short form to grab your options for
• Indonesia scuba diving enquiries

Nusa Lembongan Beach Villas

Deluxe Beach Holiday Villas…
These deluxe self-contained villas are luxury holiday homes available for short rents. Enjoy all the comforts of your own home with full entertainment systems, kitchen, balcony with great views, and en-suite bathrooms. The villas are very spacious (living room, dining area, huge kitchen, separate bedrooms) and beautifully furnished. For those seeking a little luxury or for groups sharing the price, they really do represent excellent value.

Rooms: 10
Diving in: Bali – Penida Island and Nusa Lembongan
Dive type: Boat dives
Divers: Max. 18

Some of the villas even have their own plunge pool and all have a beautiful view over the beach and towards mainland Bali, dominated by the sacred Mount Agung. Cool off in the plunge pool or enjoy your pre-dive breakfast from your balcony, drink in the spectacular view and feel more like a villa owner than another number in a standard dive resort.

The villas are situated just a stroll down the beach from World Diving who whose professionalism and friendliness will make your dive days a joy. What better way to dive Nusa Lembongan and Penida than from your own deluxe home away from home?

Rooms, Beds, Bathrooms, Views…
Each of the 10 villas has two beautiful double rooms with queen size four poster beds with mosquito netting, air con, walk in wardrobe and en suite bathrooms in Balinese style. The bedrooms are simply and elegantly furnished. Deluxe villas feature an additional private plunge pool. Additional rooms are downstairs and feature single beds.

All the villas have:

  • Panoramic seaviews from private balcony
  • Plunge pool for Deluxe Villas
  • Air-conditioning in bedrooms, ceiling fans in communal areas
  • Private bathroom with hot water shower, toiletries and towels
  • Fully fitted kitchen
  • Living room with sofa, entertainment system and dining area
  • Satellite TV and music
  • International telephone
  • Personal safe
  • Plunge pool for Deluxe Villas
  • Sofa, table and chairs
  • 24 hour room service
Diving Details…
Dive trips depart before high tide to Lembongan and Nusa Penida, and return four hours later. The boats visit all 18 different dive sites at these islands.

The dive boats feature:

  • 3 engine large boat plus single engine boat
  • Open and shaded areas
  • Entry and exit ladders

Trips are limited to a maximum of 14 divers. Dive guides are provided, with soft drinks, tea, coffee, savory snacks, fruit and biscuits.

Dive gear is carried and washed by staff. Boat journey time is 5 – 15 minutes for Nusa Lembongan dive sites, and 30 – 90 minutes for Nusa Penida diving sites.

Confirmed – Raja Ampat Islands Contain World’s Richest Coral Reefs

New Fish and Coral Species Found During Scientific Expedition

Some of the world’s most experienced tropical marine scientists, led by The Nature Conservancy, completed a three-week expedition to the Indonesian islands of Raja Ampat, where they confirmed that the area contains the richest coral reefs in the world.

The Raja Ampat islands are located to the west of Sorong, on the northwest tip of the island of New Guinea in the Papua Province of Indonesia. The four main islands – Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati and Misool – and their thousands of satellite islands cover an area of some 23,630 square miles (61,200 sq. kilometres).

The scientists found that the number of reef fish and coral species in the area is even greater than previously expected. At least 465 coral species were recorded, with at least 20 species defying identification and under further study. This brings the total confirmed corals from the Raja Ampat islands to 505 species, which is an incredible 64% of all known coral species in the world (for more recent estimations of numbers, see our 2006 survey report).

During the trip, 828 fish species were recorded, adding an additional 95 (including four new to Indonesia) and raising the known total for Raja Ampat to 1,065 species – amongst the highest diversity in the world. A new personal record of 284 fish species on one single dive was set by Dr. Gerry Allen at Kofiau Island. When lab results on marine samples are completed, the scientists expect to find species of fish and coral that are new to science.

“The waters around the Raja Ampat Islands are teeming with a diversity of fish and corals surpassing anyplace else on Earth”, said Steve McCormick, president of The Nature Conservancy. “This spot is at the heart of the heart of marine biodiversity, and every effort must be made to conserve it”.

“While we constantly see reports of decimated and degraded marine ecosystems in western and central Indonesia, this survey is clear proof that there is still a chance to conserve significant, high quality island and reef ecosystems in Indonesia”, added the Conservancy’s Indonesia Country Director, Dr Ian Dutton. “The Conservancy is working in partnership with local communities and government, university and industry partners to protect this amazing area”.

Raja Ampat has just become an independent administrative area, or Kabupaten, and there are concerns that the need to raise local revenue will result in widespread extraction of natural resources. Results of this marine study and associated maps will be presented to the local communities to educate them about the rich biodiversity that the area possesses and solicit ideas on how best to conserve it. It will help the local government draw up environmentally sensitive plans for development, and help the Conservancy and other conservation organisations determine how best to protect this remote tropical paradise.

“Customary ownership and resource use traditions of the area mean that some of the reefs have escaped the ravages common to many other Southeast Asian reefs”, said Dr. Rod Salm, the Conservancy’s director of coastal marine conservation in Asia-Pacific. “This is a really exciting opportunity to develop a conservation program with communities that have a strong personal and historical commitment to managing their resources sustainably”.

The scientists found many of Raja Ampat’s reefs to be in generally good condition despite the rampant reef destruction often seen in Southeast Asia. Parts of reefs damaged by blast and cyanide fishing showed good recovery, and there were few signs of the extensive coral bleaching that devastated reefs in many areas of the world following the 1998 El Niño. The fact that the corals resisted bleaching confirms their resilience and value as a source of larvae to aid in the recovery of damaged reefs widely throughout Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Micronesia.

The team also noted a virtual absence of sharks during the trip – only three large sharks were seen in 500 hours underwater. Over-fishing has caused a steep decline in the Raja Ampat shark population. Shark fins are highly sought after as a soup ingredient in Asia. There are around 200 shark-fishing boats active in this area, and they each can catch an estimated 240 sharks per month. Once fins are removed, the bodies are left to rot on the reefs. The removal of the ecosystem’s top predator is only one of the damaging effects of humans on the reefs – the buzz of chain saws, the crash of falling trees, and bombing and cyanide fishing are still widely practiced, and turtles are being over-harvested at every location they nest.

Terrestrial teams found many unique habitats in Raja Ampat, particularly the broken-bottle landscape of karst limestone, and the mineral-rich soils of the northern islands. Around these islands the extreme habitat has resulted in high levels of endemism – although overall diversity is low, many of the plant species are found only in this particular habitat. Several potentially new species of plants were discovered, including a new species of the tropical flowering plant Psychotria on Kawe Island.

Local communities are very concerned about the damage being caused to their environment as on the whole they depend on marine resources for their livelihood. Extractive industries such as logging and commercial fishing threaten to destroy the rich diversity of plant and animal life in these remote islands. Consistently, researchers on the socio-economic team were told by local villagers that they feel powerless to thwart the outside resource raiders who do most of the damage, as they often are backed by powerful commercial and government interests.

Raja Ampat Scientific Expedition Study Group

Some of the world’s best marine scientists, led by The Nature Conservancy, spent nearly a month in 2002 at sea traversing the Indonesian islands of Raja Ampat searching for new species of fish, corals and marine life:

From 31 October to 22 November 2002, a team of international scientists conducted a ‘rapid ecological assessment’ of the marine and terrestrial habitats of the Raja Ampat Islands, considered the centre of the bull’s-eye of Earth’s marine biodiversity.

Based on the Indonesia live-aboard dive boat Pindito, the team of international scientists traversed 700 nautical miles through the Raja Ampat group, focussing on the islands of Misool, Wayag and Waigeo, this region is easily the most important location for corals in the world. The team spent three weeks scuba diving, counting fish and coral species and recording marine conditions. On land, they recorded plant and animal life and interviewed local residents to assess the overall biodiversity of the Raja Ampat islands.

The survey included biologists from The Nature Conservancy, World Wildlife Fund Indonesia, Indonesian Institute of Science, Western Australian Museum, Harvard Herbarium and the University of Papua. The scientists expected to find new species of plants and animals, particularly on some of the most isolated islands that are in effect mini-continents where new species can evolve in response to unique features of their habitat. A recent 15-day study found four previously undescribed species of stomatopod shrimp, and the highest overall stomatopod diversity in all of Indonesia.

A socio-economic team investigated the scale of economic impacts in the Raja Ampat area, and interviewed local residents about their attitudes toward their environment, land ownership and traditional regulations for managing access to natural resources.

Alfred Russell Wallace visited the area in 1860, when he studied the Red Bird of Paradise, and collected large numbers of previously unknown insects, birds and mammals. It was one of the places that helped him develop the theory of evolution, in parallel with Charles Darwin.

More details of the survey can be found on http://www.reefbase.org/rajaampat/. The website shows pictures taken during the survey, both underwater and on land, which can be downloaded and used freely.

Diving in Indonesia Courses

PADI OPEN WATER DIVER

Now is the time to dive into the PADI Open Water Diver course, the most popular diving programme in the world! This is your ticket to a lifetime of intense adventure with PADI, the dive association that sets the standards in the global diving community. Why not learn to dive in Indonesia!

Throughout the course, you’ll learn fundamentals of scuba diving, including dive equipment and techniques. You will also earn a PADI Open Water Diver certification that is recognised worldwide. You earn this diving license by completing five sessions in a diving pool, five knowledge development sessions and by making four dives at some of the best Indonesia diving sites.

As a certified PADI Open Water Diver you have the freedom to dive with a buddy independent of a professional. If you already tried a PADI Discover Scuba Diving experience or are PADI Scuba Diver certified, you may get credit from these courses to the open water programme. Your underwater adventure can begin as soon as today with the new PADI Open Water Diver Video! You can view this at your own pace and then meet with one of our instructors for further assistance.

Virtually anyone who is in good health, reasonably fit, and comfortable in the water can earn a PADI Open Water Diver certification. At some point during your Indonesia scuba diving course, your PADI Instructor will ask you to demonstrate the ability to swim 200 metres and, on the first morning, complete a bit of paperwork to get you on your way.

The PADI Open Water Diver license is a permanent scuba qualification. However, if you do not dive for over 12 months and you are a relatively an inexperienced diver, then we recommend you complete a refresher programme, such as the PADI Scuba Review. This can take as little as one hour of your time in the dive pool and gives you the chance to refresh those diving skills you may have forgotten. That way, when you do dive again you can relax and enjoy your dives, and be sure that you won’t have any nasty surprises in store.

 

Course Information

Location: Tulamben – Bali

Beach Dives: 4

Duration: 3 days

Typical Itinerary:
Day 1 – 08:00 to 17:00 hrs – class and pool training;
Day 2 – 08:00 to 17:00 hrs – two dives to a maximum depth of 12m;
Day 3 – 08:00 to 17:00 hrs – two dives to a maximum depth of 18m

Total Price (incl. all taxes): US$ 325 per person

 

Location: Manado – Bunaken – Sulawesi

Boat Dives: 4

Duration: 4 days

Typical Itinerary:
Day 1 – 08:00 to 16:00 hrs – class and pool training;
Day 2 – 07:00 to 15:30 hrs – two dives to a maximum depth of 12m;
Day 3 – 08:00 to 16:00 hrs – class and pool scuba training;
Day 4 – 07:00 to 15:30 hrs – two dives to a maximum depth of 18m at Bunaken Island

Total Price (incl. all taxes): US$ 409 per person

 

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